Passover and Easter: What are You Celebrating?
Passover and Easter usually occur close together on the calendar, and presumably both commemorate the same event. Are they the same or what’s the difference? Up until a few years ago, I assumed Passover was Jewish and Easter was Christian. But what I found surprised me.
Passover celebrates an historical event. Recorded in Jewish and Egyptian history, it occurred around 1260 BCE. In the Torah (the Bible’s first five books) Exodus recounts that it eventually took ten plagues upon Egypt before Pharaoh would allow the Jewish (originally called Hebrew) slaves to leave his land to worship God. Despite warnings that the tenth plague would kill all the eldest sons and livestock, Pharaoh still refused to let them go. So God instructed the Hebrews to mark their doorposts with the blood of a lamb, so that the plague would pass over them, hence the name.
The Hebrews were spared, and Pharaoh finally relented but pursued them as far as the Red Sea. God enabled Moses, the Hebrew leader, to miraculously part the Sea and lead the people across, the Egyptian army drowning behind them. Commonly known as “The Exodus,” this event ended 400 years of Hebrew slavery. Forty years later, the Jewish people began celebrating the event annually. Today Passover still celebrates the supernatural victory, deliverance from bondage and protection from the ten plagues that befell Egypt. A meal (a “Seder”) is prepared according to the Torah’s instructions.
The name Easter is derived from “Eostre,” an ancient Saxon fertility goddess, thus the use of bunnies and eggs even early on. Various holidays based on the vernal equinox have honored pagan deities in many cultures for several centuries. Today, Wiccans and Neopagans still celebrate this day (now typically called “Ostara” after a Germanic fertility goddess) to welcome spring and the new life it brings.
Christians’ Easter observance also celebrates an historical event occurring around 27 CE. According to the Bible, Yeshua, the long awaited Jewish Messiah, hosted a Passover Seder shortly before he was crucified by the Roman government. Three days later he was resurrected. Christians believe Yeshua’s blood saves their souls, just as the Passover lamb’s blood saved the Israelites’ lives. Yeshua’s resurrection promises believers victory over death and eternal life with God.
Easter was first referenced as a celebration of Yeshua’s resurrection by the church in the second century. In America, colonial Puritans dismissed Easter as pagan due to lingering influences from its origins. However, it became widely observed by Christians in the mid-late 1800s. Many now call it “Resurrection Day.”
I found aspects of Passover and the Christian Easter that closely connect the two. Yeshua was Jewish and celebrated Passover annually. He died on Passover, which is why Christians often call him the “Passover Lamb” or “Lamb of God,” and why the holidays occur together. Moreover, while many Jewish holy days have always included ceremonial wine and bread, the Christian ceremony of Communion is attributed to Yeshua’s specific mention of wine and bread during his last Passover meal.
I also realized points of irony which cause confusion between the two. Yeshua and his disciples after him celebrated Passover, but the Bible never mentions Easter or a resurrection celebration. Jews celebrate Passover even if they don’t believe Yeshua is the Jewish Messiah, because it’s commanded in the Torah (the Bible). However, most followers of Yeshua don’t celebrate Passover, but opt for Easter. When celebrated by Christians, Passover usually commemorates Yeshua’s “Last Supper” since He was crucified shortly afterward.
Ultimately, exploring age-old customs can unearth long-held assumptions. By questioning these traditions, I gained a more honest understanding of both celebrations. This year, I encourage you to celebrate knowledgeably, choosing practices that truly reflect your religious convictions.
Passover typically falls in late March or early April. It is the first of seven festivals commanded in the Bible. View dates for all seven.
Very well written and explained, and in another article you wrote as well. As the years go by, I’m seeing what you are seeing. You are not legalistic, as some of your commenters are, but you give a concise prophetic meaning to it, and I think everyone should learn each feast, and maybe at least participate in one or more to grasp its weight. I attended a Passover Seder put on at my church by the Jews for Jesus organization. And since they are for Jesus, and JEWS, it was profound…including what is done to HALF of the bread that is broken. Half is eaten, of course, to represent the death of Jesus, but the other half…It’s HIDDEN for a game for the children to FIND, and THAT unwittingly to them, represents the resurrection. Great Job here!!!!
April 14, 2019 at 11:40 am
At Roeh Israel in Denver, we think of Yeshua as First Fruit and celebrated his having Risen on the first day after the first Sabbath after Passover. We wear white and have a two scroll torah Shachrit service.
April 17, 2014 at 10:05 am
Yes, vproulx, this is the perfect mix of Yeshua and the Torah. I follow this same schedule (although I realize there are other ways of calculating it that are not wrong.) Wearing white is a nice idea, reminding us of Rev. 7:13-15 and others. Thank you for your comment.
April 18, 2014 at 6:41 am
Thanks for your insights. Believers need to stick to the instructions given by GOD. There is a lot of importance attached to the last three major events in the “seventh” month; (Trumpet, Atonement, and Tabernacle). Instead they end up spending a whole lot of money during the celebration of christmas, which also is of pagan origin. “
April 27, 2013 at 11:24 am
Very true – the seventh month’s feasts are our future – Yeshua’s second return and our eternal “tabernacling” with Him, something I certainly want to be seeking.
April 28, 2013 at 9:21 pm
I APPRECIATE YOUR GOOD WORKS IN YASHUA THE MESSIAH AND HOPE YOU WILL CONTINUE TO UPDATE US HERE IN NIGERIA WITH EMERGING EVENTS
April 23, 2012 at 10:06 am