The Day of Pentecost Guarantees Yehovah’s Promises
Pentecost, Feast of Weeks, Shavuot – the culmination of the omer count, the giving of the law at Mt. Sinai and the pouring out of the Holy Spirit – all on one day. This is certainly something to celebrate!
My dad was a pastor. One day he was speaking to another pastor and they got on the topic of the Holy Spirit, which was one of my dad’s favorite topics. At one point this pastor asked, “So, what’s the big deal about the Holy Spirit?”
Well, my dad was so flabbergasted, he ended up writing a book to answer the question. It’s called, The Holy Spirit…So What’s the Big Deal?
It IS a big deal! And…in my opinion, it’s a big deal in a whole series of big deals.
The Disciples’ Experience
Let’s try to put ourselves in the mindset of the people of Yeshua’s day.
- For 1500 years they’ve heard prophecies of a prophet coming to save them. In the wilderness Moses told the second generation Israelites that Yehovah would raise up a prophet like him from among their own kinsmen. (Deut. 18:15) They likely thought that would happen in their own lifetime.
- Even before that Bilam prophesied that “a star will step forth from Ya‘akov, a scepter will arise from Israel,” (Num. 24:17) .
- Yehovah promised David, “I will establish one of your descendants to succeed you, one of your own flesh and blood; and I will set up his rulership. He will build a house for my name, and I will establish his royal throne forever.” (2 Sam. 7:12-13)
- Psalm 110: “Adonai says to my Lord, ‘Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.’ Adonai will send your powerful scepter out from Tziyon, so that you will rule over your enemies around you.” and “You are a priest forever, to be compared with Melchizedek.”
- Isaiah 9: “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty Yehovah, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end.”
That sounds great! But where is he? Who is this?? It’s been generations and we keep hearing about this wonderful person, but it never happens.
Doubt sets in, our faith in Yehovah’s promises wanes, we become lax, obedience becomes religiosity.
What? Your baby will be the Messiah?
When Mary told Elizabeth she was pregnant with Yeshua, Elizabeth was pregnant with John. The Bible says the child leapt inside her and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. (Luke 1:41) Excitement! Renewed Faith! A glimmer of hope for the few that understood and believed – Mary, Joseph, Elizabeth, Zachariah, The Magi, the Shepherds, Simeon and Anna. The Messiah is finally here! This is a big deal!
But for everyone else…
How do we know he’s the Messiah? We’ve thought that about others before this; other people have claimed to be the Messiah.
But he’s been healing people – the blind are seeing, the lame are walking, the deaf are hearing (Is. 29:18). He’s doing all sorts of miracles! He speaks with authority like we’ve never heard before. He debates with the Pharisees and Saducees and puts them to shame. He even calls Yehovah his own father.
Well, I believe him, and I’m going to follow him. I’m sure he’s the one who will “restore the kingdom to Israel.” (Acts 1:6)
Faith is restored. The long awaited Messiah has finally come!
Now we can get Jerusalem back, get our temple back. He’ll set up Jerusalem as his headquarters and reign over all of Israel. We can start the Millennial Age!
This is a big deal. Now all of Israel knows about him, not just a few, like when he was born.
What? No, he can’t die; he must be going to get out of this somehow. He’s just starting! We haven’t overthrown the Roman government yet. He’s the Messiah, he can’t die!
But he does – a grueling, torturous death.
He didn’t even try to defend himself or fight back! I know he was the Messiah, but how could he be if he just died?
Faith shattered – for thousands who followed him, hoping he was the one.
Wait, You saw him? But he died. I saw that with my own eyes – we all did.
He just appeared and then he was gone?
You talked with him all the way from Emmaeus?
Well is he alive again?
Oh my goodness, there he is!
He’s eating! I can see the scars from his crucifixion, but yet he’s eating, He’s breathing, walking, talking – He’s alive!! How can this be?
He just has to be the Messiah now! There’s no other explanation. It’s got to be him. He’s the one – I knew it!
We’re back! The plan is on! I knew he couldn’t die!
You’ve seen him, right? I saw him in Galilee. Did you see when he talked to Thomas? Wasn’t that amazing?
Hey, remember when he came and breathed on us and said, “receive the holy spirit.”? (John 20:22) What did that mean? I don’t know, but let’s find out where he’s going next.
Faith renewed, hope awakened. This is a big deal. If Yeshua is the long-awaited Messiah, this means that all the other promises are true as well: Deliverance – Victory – the Millennium – Our Eternal inheritance. It means that this isn’t just religion or a wish that maybe someday could come true; this isn’t folklore or legend. This is real! This is happening now! Even our forefathers in the faith didn’t get to witness this. Yeshua is the one all the prophets told us about!
No! What? He rose up into the clouds, right before your eyes??
Moses and Elijah – I guess that make sense.
But where’s he going – we’re not done here. Have you seen him since then? What about his kingdom?
So what are we supposed to do now? Jerusalem? – is he going to meet us there? Oh that’s right – remember he said he was going to send us the “promise of the Father,”? And something about “clothing us with power” and “baptizing with the Holy Spirit.” One time He said he had to go away, so he could send the “Comforter” to us. Remember that?
Did he say how long it would be before this promise comes?
You’re saying he just ascended right off the earth just like Enoch and Elijah? Well that just proves he’s the Messiah! How can anybody doubt it now?
So how long did he say we should wait? Was the angel talking about days or years? This isn’t going to be another 1500 years is it?
What if we miss it? What if it doesn’t come? What if it’s years… or even decades?
I know he’s the Messiah, but this isn’t going like the rabbis taught us it. What’s the plan, I don’t get it?
Confusion – doubt – conflicted, hopeful – but perplexed.
What was that? It sounds like there’s a storm brewing. Look, that’s fire!
Hallelujah! This is it! This is the promise, the Holy Spirit! He’s here!
“When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a noise like a violent rushing wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit was giving them utterance.
5 Now there were Jews living in Jerusalem, devout men from every nation under heaven. 6 And when this sound occurred, the crowd came together, and were bewildered because each one of them was hearing them speak in his own language. 7 They were amazed and astonished, saying, “We are not all these who are speaking Galileans? 8 And how is it that we each hear them in our own language to which we were born? 9 Parthians and Medes and Elamites, and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the districts of Libya around Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, 11 Cretans and Arabs—we hear them in our own tongues speaking of the mighty deeds of Yehovah.” 12 And they all continued in amazement and great perplexity, saying to one another, “What does this mean?” 13 But others were mocking and saying, “They are full of sweet wine.”
14 But Peter, taking his stand with the eleven, raised his voice and declared to them: “Men of Judea and all you who live in Jerusalem, let this be known to you and give heed to my words. 15 For these men are not drunk, as you suppose, for it is only the third hour of the day; 16 but this is what was spoken of through the prophet Joel:
17 ‘And it shall be in the last days,’ Yehovah says,
‘That I will pour forth of My Spirit on all mankind;
And your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
And your young men shall see visions,
And your old men shall dream dreams;
18 Even on My bondslaves, both men and women,
I will in those days pour forth of My Spirit
And they shall prophesy.
19 ‘And I will grant wonders in the sky above
And signs on the earth below,
Blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke.
20 ‘The sun will be turned into darkness
And the moon into blood,
Before the great and glorious day of the Lord shall come.
21 ‘And it shall be that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’
22 “Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by Yehovah with miracles and wonders and signs which Yehovah performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know— 23 this Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of Yehovah, you nailed to a cross by the hands of Yehovahless men and put Him to death. 24But Yehovah raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power. 25 For David says of Him,
‘I saw the Lord always in my presence;
For He is at my right hand, so that I will not be shaken.
26 ‘Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue exulted;
Moreover my flesh also will live in hope;
27 Because You will not abandon my soul to Hades,
Nor allow Your [z]Holy One to undergo decay.
28 ‘You have made known to me the ways of life;
You will make me full of gladness with Your presence.’
29 “Brethren, I may confidently say to you regarding the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30 And so, because he was a prophet and knew that Yehovah had sworn to him with an oath to seat one of his descendants on his throne,31 he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of ]the Christ, that He was neither abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh suffer decay. 32 This Jesus Yehovah raised up again, to which we are all witnesses. 33 Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of Yehovah, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured forth this which you both see and hear. 34 For it was not David who ascended into heaven, but he himself says:
‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand,
35 Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.”’
36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that Yehovah has made Him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified.”
37 Now when they heard this, they were pierced to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brethren, what shall we do?”38 Peter said to them, “Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 For the promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off, as many as the Lord our Yehovah will call to Himself.” 40 And with many other words he solemnly testified and kept on exhorting them, saying, “Be saved from this perverse generation!” 41 So then, those who had received his word were baptized; and that day there were added about three thousand souls.”
Oh my goodness! Now there’s no denying it! The Holy Spirit is the proof – Yeshua is the Messiah:
- He’s defeated death
- He’s ascended into heaven
- One of David’s descendants is seated at the right hand of the Father
- He poured out the Holy Spirit just like Joel prophesied
Now He’s offering forgiveness and the power of the Holy Spirit to everyone who calls on his name.
This is a big deal. Now Jews from all over the whole Middle East and Asia know about Yeshua, the Messiah.
Fast forward to Acts 10 where Peter has the dream of eating unclean foods. Cornelius, a Gentile believer has a vision that Peter should speak with him, so Peter is brought to his home where a group of Gentile believers has gathered
“Opening his mouth, Peter said: ‘I most certainly understand now that Yehovah is not one to show partiality,35 but in every nation the man who fears Him and does what is right is welcome to Him.’”
Ah, Yehovah is welcoming Gentiles.
Then Peter begins telling them (reminding them) the good news of Yeshua as the Messiah.
Acts 10:44-48 :
“While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit fell upon all those who were listening to the message. 45 All the circumcised believers who came with Peter were amazed, because the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out on the Gentiles also. 46 For they were hearing them speaking with tongues and exalting Yehovah. Then Peter answered, 47 ‘Surely no one can refuse the water for these to be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit just as we did, can he?’48 And he ordered them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they asked him to stay on for a few days.”
Now, not only is Yehovah welcoming Gentiles, he’s filling them with the Holy Spirit just like the Jews! This is another big deal. Now the message of Yeshua and the Holy Spirit are for the whole world – for everyone who calls on the name of the Lord! The promises and inheritance are for anyone and everyone who believes!
Yehovah Fulfilling His Plan
Think about the progression of this revelation:
- We’ve gone from 1500 years of waiting for the Messiah / a prophet,
- To the Messiah being revealed to a handful of people at his birth,
- Then revealed to all Israel during his three years of ministry,
- Then to Jews from all over the region on Pentecost,
- Then, with the inclusion of Gentiles, the promises are revealed to the whole world.
- And it’s still being spread all over the world even now.
Remember Abraham – Yehovah had blessed him with riches, reputation even reknown among kings, but he says in Genesis 15: “Sovereign Lord, what can you give me since I remain childless and the one who will inherit my estate is Eliezer of Damascus? You have given me no children;”
Abraham wanted his legacy to live on, the blessings that Yehovah had promised him to be shared within his own family. This is Yehovah’s sentiment – that all his children would share in his blessing, that his promises would be inherited by as many as possible. And just as he promised Abraham that his offspring would be like “the stars of the sky,” Yehovah’s heirs will be too many to count and expanding all the time.
These six big deals are steps in the fulfillment of that plan of bringing his blessings and eternal inheritance to as many as he can. These steps are the tangible proof that Yehovah’s plan and promises are alive and well. Because each of these happened, fulfilling many of the Messianic prophecies, we know the rest will happen as well. We know the prophecies and promises are true. We know that Yehovah is keeping his word and bringing about his kingdom.
We no longer have hope that his promises are true and that his inheritance is real, we now have evidence, we have certainty, we have undeniable proof of it: that’s the Holy Spirit.
His Plan is the New Covenant
“It is because of this death that he is mediator of a new covenant [or will]. Because a death has occurred which sets people free from the transgressions committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promised eternal inheritance. 16 For where there is a will, there must necessarily be produced evidence of its maker’s death, 17 since a will goes into effect only upon death; it never has force while its maker is still alive.”
Paul is telling us that Yeshua’s death kicked off a new covenant, the promised eternal inheritance.
This follows the plan. 1500 years before, the Israelites had left the bondage of Egypt. 50 days later they received the Torah from Mt. Sinai. This was a new covenant at that time – the Mosaic covenant – with all the instructions spelled out for how to live with a holy God.
Now, Yeshua’s death redeems us from the bondage of sin. As we just read in Hebrews, his death “sets people free from the transgressions committed under the first covenant.” And 50 days after his resurrection, we’re given the Holy Spirit within us who begins to write the law on our own hearts. This is the beginning of another new covenant.
The Torah/Hebrew scriptures reveal who Yehovah is, it instructs us and convicts us of sin. Now, so does the Holy Spirit within us. But the Holy Spirit also allows us to take on the spirit of Yehovah. Now we are endowed with all the spiritual gifts – wisdom, prophecy, knowledge, discernment, faith, tongues, healing, interpretation of tongues (1 Cor. 12:8-11). These are gifts that only Yeshua possessed up to now. (Yehovah empowered others with some of these as they were needed throughout the ages.) But now “anyone who called on the name of the Lord” can receive these gifts because of the Holy Spirit within them. (Acts 2:21)
So let’s take a look at this new covenant and Yehovah’s plan. What exactly is it we’ve entered into?
The most straightforward description of Yehovah’s plan is in Jeremiah 31:31-38:
31 “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,”
This is what Yeshua was referring to when he said, “this is the new covenant in my blood” (Luke 22:20). He was specifically speaking of a new priesthood, the new arrangement of the priesthood after the order of Melchizedek (Hebrews 7). This started at Passover with his death.
32 “not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord.”
Yeshua’s blood now covers our sin as a husband covers his wife, even though we went astray as an adulterer.
33 “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares the Lord, “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.”
Yeshua told the disciples that the Holy Spirit would come and convict the world of sin, righteousness and judgment (John 16:8). That is part of this new covenant – the Holy Spirit quickening us from the inside regarding right and wrong, good and evil. This is what began on Pentecost.
34 “They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the Lord,”
How does this happen? In the year that Yeshua returns, the Feast of Trumpets will be a worldwide event. Everyone worldwide will hear the trumpet and witness Yeshua’s coming (1 Cor. 15:51-53).
“for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”
This speaks of the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) when Yeshua’s blood will be applied to his followers to atone for them.
35 Thus says the Lord, who gives the sun for light by day and the [a]fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar; the Lord of hosts is His name: 36 “If this fixed order departs from before Me,” declares the Lord, “then the offspring of Israel also will cease from being a nation before Me forever.” 37 Thus says the Lord, “If the heavens above can be measured and the foundations of the earth searched out below, then I will also cast off all the offspring of Israel for all that they have done,” declares the Lord.
Then vs. 38-40 speaks of the Millennium:
38 “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when the city will be rebuilt for the Lord from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate. 39 The measuring line will go out farther straight ahead to the hill Gareb; then it will turn to Goah. 40 And the whole valley of the dead bodies and of the ashes, and all the fields as far as the brook Kidron, to the corner of the Horse Gate toward the east, shall be holy to the Lord; it will not be plucked up or overthrown anymore forever.”
The rebuilding of the city and new boundaries speak of the Millennium, when Yeshua dwells with us as in the Feast of Tabernacles.
Our Eternal Inheritance is Guaranteed
We can see from this description that the new covenant has started to emerge, we have the first two essentials in place: 1) a new priesthood in Yeshua’s blood, and 2) the Holy Spirit (vs. 31-33). We can also see that the new covenant is brought about according to the feasts Yehovah has commanded us to keep. The feasts depict how he’s bringing the new covenant.
Yeshua’s righteous blood on Passover began the process. We’re now in the process of his law changing our hearts and minds. Ephesians 1 tells us that the Holy Spirit was poured out as a deposit on the rest of the covenant soon to come.
13 “And you also were included in the Messiah when you heard the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation. When you believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are Yehovah’s possession—to the praise of his glory.”
We had hope of the promised new covenant and inheritance, because Yehovah had kept his promises to our ancestors, and they had passed down this understanding to us. But now through the Holy Spirit, we have proof. The Holy Spirit is our guarantee of eternal inheritance, a deposit on the whole promised covenant. That’s what Shavuot marks and celebrates.
The stage has been set. The characters of the new covenant have arrived. The lights have been dimmed and the curtain drawn back. We know that Yeshua is going to appear on that stage any minute, and the rest of the story is going to unfold just like he’s promised.
What feasts come after Shavuot? The Feast of Trumpets and the Day of Atonement in the fall, the time of the second harvest. These depict Yeshua’s return to his followers to begin the restoration of the Yehovah’s kingdom on earth.
That’s why there’s a space of time between the last of the spring feasts – Shavuot – and the beginning of the fall feasts. So that the Holy Spirit can draw more to Yehovah; so that as many as possible can receive his blessing and eternal inheritcance. It’s Yehovah’s grace and his will that none should perish. This is how he’s gathering more – through the leading of the Holy Spirit and the pouring out of his spirit onto mankind.
Wow, don’t we serve a gracious God?
Relocation of the Law
Many will tell you, and many of us learned that since we’re under the new covenant based on Yehovah’s grace, we are no longer under the law (meaning the Torah and commandments of the Old Testament).
But Jeremiah 31:33 tells us that the new covenant doesn’t eliminate the law, but only relocates it: “I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts.” The new covenant doesn’t change the law – It relocates it from tablets of stone to our own hearts and minds.
In another blog post I explain how the Omer Count that counts up to Shavuot includes the season of “Abib” (the month of Nisan on the Hebrew calendar). That season is a time of ripening like the barley – specifically being ripe for our destiny. It discusses how this season of Abib included various types of relocations in order for people to advance toward fulfilling their destiny.
Now at the end of the Omer count, the day of Shavuot, we see this relocation of the law into our hearts and minds. This relocation, this pouring out of the Spirit in the disciples’ day meant they could now continue the ministry of Yeshua. Remember, Yeshua told them: “You shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you shall be my witnesses in Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria and to the remotest part of the earth.” (Acts 1:8) That’s what the pouring out of the Holy Spirit was for – so that they could fulfill the destiny they were called to.
As the Holy Spirit quickened their minds and hearts, the scriptures of the law and prophets started making sense. Peter finally recognized the fulfillment of an old, obscure prophecy from Joel and spelled out Yehovah’s plan for the Messiah and the disciples. Finally they were able to connect the dots of what the prophets were talking about when they said “one of David’s descendants will be upon the throne” and “his flesh shall not suffer decay” “the lord said to my lord.” (all quoted by Peter in Acts 2:14-36).
Peter knew the scriptures, he knew the prophecies before this. But now with the Holy Spirit, they came alive, they made sense. They weren’t just words on a scroll or on the tongue of a Rabbi, they were burning on his own heart! The Holy Spirit relocated the law and the scriptures into his heart and mind. And that’s what he does for us as this new covenant comes about.
If you’re interested in the Hebrew gematria (the study of numbers) you know the Hebrew character for 50 is Nun ( ן ), which symbolizes a fish, representing life being quickened. On this 50th day, the Day of Pentecost, that’s what’s happening – giving new life to old words.
The 50th day also begins the 8th week. We’ve counted 7 weeks/49 days from the Feast of First Fruits (Yeshua’s resurrection), and now this 50th day begins week #8. The number 8 represents new life, new creation. In Hebrew, the character for the number 8 is Chet (ח). Chet symbolizes life and is the first letter of both the words “life” and “living” in Hebrew. This day is the beginning of new life. It’s the beginning of a new covenant – making something old new again.
For the disciples, the Spirit had quickened their hearts and minds to the law and scriptures, and they are now able to fulfill their calling and the mission Yeshua gave them.
The fact that the Holy Spirit was poured out on Shavuot was the evidence that Yeshua’s blood began the new covenant. Only with Yeshua’s pure, sinless and holy blood on the altar before the throne of Yehovah in heaven could the Holy Spirit be poured out. Now, because his blood was accepted, all the gifts of Spirit that Yeshua possessed can be manifest in us.
When we see a manifestation of the Spirit in our own life or others’, we can thank Yehovah that he is faithfully bringing his new covenant. It’s just as when we see a rainbow and thank Yehovah for his promise to never again destroy the earth with a flood. The Holy Spirit at work in us is a clear reminder that the new covenant is in process. Shavuot is a day we can celebrate our eternal inheritance and the power to be all that Yehovah has made us to be, fulfilling his calling on our lives, moving closer to the destiny he created us for.
I want to end with Ephesians 1:11-20, which summarizes this:
11 “In him we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will, 12 in order that we, who were the first to put our hope in Yeshua, might be for the praise of his glory. 13 And you also (the Gentiles) were included in Yeshua when you heard the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation. When you believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are Yehovah’s possession—to the praise of his glory. 15 For this reason, ever since I heard about your faith in Yeshua and your love for all Yehovah’s people, 16 I have not stopped giving thanks for you, remembering you in my prayers. 17 I keep asking that the God of Yeshua HaMachiach, the glorious Father, may give you the Spirit[f] of wisdom and revelation, so that you may know him better. 18 I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened in order that you may know the hope to which he has called you, the riches of his glorious inheritance in his holy people, 19 and his incomparably great power for us who believe. That power is the same as the mighty strength 20 he exerted when he raised Yeshua from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly realms.” (underlining and italics mine)
Shavuot is the day that makes all the scriptures come alive. It makes Yehovah’s promises real – the new covenant, our eternal inheritance – all of it! It makes fulfilling our destiny possible!
What is your destiny? What is Yehovah calling you to do? On Shavuot the Holy Spirit is poured out to empower you to do just that. Pursue your calling with a renewed sense of power and certainty that Yehovah is bringing about his promise for your eternal inheritance.
This is a really big deal!
(For more on how Yeshua’s ascension brings a double portion of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost, read this post.)